Conflict and Settlement Destruction: North-Eastern Nigeria Aug 4, 2019 14:04:53 GMT frankmcvey, washi, and 1 more like this
Post by siggi on Aug 4, 2019 14:04:53 GMT
I want to share some research I did over the past couple of month using the historical layer of Google Earth. The area of research is Borno State - the second largest Nigerian State - which has been impacted by the ongoing Boko Haram Insurgency. The islamist movement Boko Haram and the Nigerian government (with the help of regional allies) have been clashing since 2009 in this area. In 2013/2014 the conflict turn very violent with many raids and bombing that led to Boko Haram conquering large parts of the surveyed area. In the following years many people have left the rural areas and relocated to IDP camps in the major towns as many settlements were destroyed and severely damaged.
The following file was compiled by me and covers around 3000 villages categorized by their current status. I sorted them into:
2) damaged (less than 90% of settlement destroyed)
3) destroyed (more than 90% of location destroyed)
When opening the file you will see that the vast majority of villages are destroyed and that there are local differences between regions. Furthermore, in some areas new villages have started growing as they were accessible again (mainly in Bama LGA). Understand that I only systematically scanned for new villages in the selected area seen in the file. There are occasional new villages I marked outside that area, but it seems that the construction of new settlements is relatively rare /unheard of in the southern and western part of the surveyed area.
Below you find three attachments:
Full data set about village destruction
c Current Status of Settlements 2019.pdf (1.85 MB)
pdf overview of the same area using QGIS
Befestigungen Borno.kmz (54.02 KB)
This layer shows the large extent of trench-building in the area. The Nigerian and Cameroonian military has constructed hundreds of kilometer of trenches in the conflict area to protect its military bases, the cities and the borders. Select this layer and you will see that especially around the large city of Maiduguri the trench seperates destroyed and undamaged villages and encircles IDP camps.
I am very happy to get your opinion or any suggestions.