Al Safi Farm (also known as Al Safi Dairy) is currently the largest dairy farm in the world. The company (owned by the royal family) is located in the Al Kharj Governorate of Wādī as-Sahbā 'in the Saudi Arabian Rub-al-Chali Desert, about 100 km away from the capital Riyadh. Up to 50,000 dairy cows and offspring are kept here; The annual milk production is over 170 million liters. Not only is the feed produced locally, the milk is also processed in-house. Homogenized fresh milk, yoghurt and fitness drinks are the main products of the company. Despite exports, about one third of the dairy products needs of Saudi Arabia can be met. In addition to 500-meter-long pens, which can accommodate 1,500 cows each, Al Safi has seven CAN bus-networked milking parlors (side-by-side) for 80 cows each. The stables are equipped with water spray systems (so-called Cattle-Cooler), which irrigate the dairy cows from a temperature of 27 ° C. The outside temperatures can there reach up to 55 ° C. Forage crops are grown on an irrigated area of around 10 square kilometers. The cultivated areas, which were still nearby at the beginning, were moved to more remote locations to protect the local water sources.
After all, to produce a liter of milk, the farm consumes 3500 liters of water.