The Sudaviation Caravelle (Sud SE 210) was one of the world's first jet-propelled short- and medium-haul airliners in the 1950s and competed with the British Comet. The first flight took place in 1955, mass production began in 1958. By the end of production in 1972, 282 aircraft of various versions were built. The Caravelle was one of the world's most unstable aircraft, with 4.7 killed persons per aircraft built. In February 1960, United Airlines was the only US airline to place an order for 20 Caravelle. This led to the development of the Caravelle VI-R. This Caravelle version represented an important milestone in aviation history - as the first mass-produced passenger aircraft, the Caravelle VI-R had a thrust reverser and spoilers.
Two of these caravels are still present in the USA. This specimen, call sign N901MW, last flew cargo for Airborne Express and is located in Columbus, OH.