Gigantic Jet Lightning over China Image Credit & Copyright: Phebe Pan
That's no meteor. While watching and photographing this year's Perseid Meteor Shower, something unexpected happened: a gigantic jet erupted from a nearby cloud. The whole thing was over in a flash -- it lasted less than a second -- but was fortunately captured by an already-recording digital camera. Gigantic jets are a rare form of lightning recognized formally only a few years ago. The featured high resolution color image, taken near the peak of Shikengkong mountain in China, may be the best image yet of this unusual phenomena. The same event appears to have been captured simultaneously by another photographer, further away. The gigantic jet appears to start somewhere in a nearby thundercloud and extend upwards towards Earth's ionosphere. The nature of gigantic jets and their possible association with other types of Transient Luminous Events (TLEs) such as blue jets and red sprites remains an active topic of research.
Red Sprite Lightning over Kununurra Image Credit & Copyright: Ben Broady
Explanation: What are those red filaments in the sky? It is a rarely seen form of lightning confirmed only about 30 years ago: red sprites. Recent research has shown that following a powerful positive cloud-to-ground lightning strike, red sprites may start as 100-meter balls of ionized air that shoot down from about 80-km high at 10 percent the speed of light and are quickly followed by a group of upward streaking ionized balls. The featured image, taken just over a week ago in Kununurra, Western Australia, captured some red sprites while shooting a time-lapse sequence of a distant lightning storm. Pictured, green trees cover the foreground, dark mountains are seen on the horizon, ominous storm clouds hover over the distant land, while red sprites appear in front of stars far in the distance. Red sprites take only a fraction of a second to occur and are best seen when powerful thunderstorms are visible from the side.
Gigantic Jet Lightning over India Image Credit & Copyright: Hung-Hsi Chang
Explanation: Yes, but can your lightning bolt do this? While flying from Munich to Singapore earlier this month, an industrious passenger took images of a passing lightning storm and caught something unexpected: gigantic jet lightning. The jet was captured on a single 3.2-second exposure above Bhadrak, India. Although the gigantic jet appears connected to the airplane's wing, it likely started in a more distant thundercloud, and can be seen extending upwards towards Earth's ionosphere. The nature of gigantic jets and their possible association with other types of Transient Luminous Events (TLEs) such as blue jets and red sprites remains an active topic of research.
This one makes me think of how many things could exist we cannot even imagine...
Sprite Lightning in HD Image Credit & Copyright: Stephane Vetter (TWAN)
Explanation: This phenomenon occurs in the sky over our heads, not the sea. It is a type of lightning known as red sprite, and rarely has it ever been photographed in this detail. Even though sprites have been recorded for over 30 years, their root cause remains unknown. Some thunderstorms have them, but most don't. These mysterious bursts of light in the upper atmosphere momentarily resemble gigantic jellyfish. A few years ago high speed videos were taken detailing how red sprites actually develop. The featured image was captured last month in high definition from Italy. One unusual feature of sprites is that they are relatively cold -- they operate more like long fluorescent light tubes than hot compact light bulbs. In general, red sprites take only a fraction of a second to occur and are best seen when powerful thunderstorms are visible from the side.
WOW! These are Insane! Ive never seen anything like that before, the closest thing ive seen is an upward lighting strike.
The air in the ionosphere is so thin, thats probably why it fractals outward in such extraordinary patterns. Also the color is vibrant and amazing! Maybe it comes from an interaction with the magnetosphere. Very intriguing!
I wonder how an ancient humans would perceive this phenomena, probably totally unrelated but made me thing of this
Image Caption: Red Sprites Above the U.S. and Central America
Viewing from a point over northwest Mexico, astronauts aboard the International Space Station looked northeast and shot this unusual photograph of a red sprite above the white light of an active thunderstorm (image top left). The sprite was 2,200 kilometers (1,400 miles) away, high over Missouri or Illinois; the lights of Dallas, Texas appear in the foreground. The sprite shoots up to the greenish airglow layer, near a rising moon.
These photos show the sprite's tendrils reaching as much as 100 kilometers above Earth's surface. Sprites are major electrical discharges, but they are not lightning in the usual sense. Instead, they are a cold plasma phenomenon without the extremely hot temperatures of lightning that we see underneath thunderstorms. Red sprites are more like the discharge of a fluorescent tube. Bursts of sprite energy are thought to occur during most large thunderstorm events. They were first photographed in 1989.
Meeting in the Mesosphere Image Credit & Copyright: Stephane Vetter (TWAN, Nuits sacrees)
Explanation: A sensitive video camera on a summit of the Vosges mountains in France captured these surprising fireworks above a distant horizon on June 26. Generated over intense thunderstorms, this one about 260 kilometers away, the brief and mysterious flashes have come to be known as red sprites. The transient luminous events are caused by electrical breakdown at altitudes of 50 to 100 kilometers. That puts them in the mesophere, the coldest layer of planet Earth's atmosphere. The glow beneath the sprites is from more familiar lighting though, below the storm clouds. But on the right, the video frames have captured another summertime apparition from the mesophere. The silvery veins of light are polar mesospheric clouds. Also known as noctilucent or night shining clouds, the icy clouds still reflect the sunlight when the Sun is below the horizon.
KitsuneFox: syzygy - posts I have made here do not receive much attention. I may do a detailed writeup of the now lost Edgemont Park in PA, one of the first electrified trolley parks in the world, but still debating. I'm missing 1 key bit of information.
Aug 17, 2021 10:38:20 GMT
syzygy: BRUTAL! Cars as if were matchboxes in a model town... Brilliant infos you share here in shoutbox - why not you post these?
Aug 16, 2021 17:36:00 GMT
KitsuneFox: In the early morning, before sunrise, of Augusts 11th, 12th, and 13th is reported to be the best viewing time for the Perseids meteor shower.
Aug 10, 2021 10:32:11 GMT
KitsuneFox: Davidson Seamount is the tallest known fully underwater mountain in the world, measuring 7,480 feet base to peak.
Aug 5, 2021 0:02:27 GMT
syzygy: ...and about other hills and humps... stone cold wisdom! ( :
Jul 28, 2021 14:13:17 GMT
KitsuneFox: Mount Wycheproof in Australia is the shortest recognized mountain on the world. It stands at 141 feet base to peak. A mineral named 'Wycheproofite' is mined near the location, and is the only known place it's found.
Jul 28, 2021 10:13:47 GMT
syzygy: Cool! Great extra info series about "all stars" highest mountains on Earth!
Jul 22, 2021 6:25:22 GMT
KitsuneFox: Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador is the highest mountain on Earth, as measured from the center of the planet. The peak is over 6,800 feet further away than Mount Everest, and is the closest land on earth to outer space.
Jul 22, 2021 0:13:35 GMT
SpiderX22: Big news in the Aircraft in Flight database (in Transportation) -> HUGE changes. Thanks RaveyThirteen for your post -> will be changing ownership of the collection (hopefully for me lol) -> look forward to this!
Jul 20, 2021 21:02:26 GMT