On the oGEC I have put this one up to People&Cultures forum-section, saying the file represents (nearly)up-to-date statistical information about hungarian people living in foreign countries today. True, however the way they had to separate from their mothercountry was consequences of historical events (mostly of the cruel and mindless dismemberment of the country in 1920).
Hungarian nation physically torn apart, fatally wounded in soul, still joined together by language and culture. (broken links*)
Please read some basics about the historical background and download the one-time borders of Hungray kmz file following the links below!
According to Wikipedia the US states with the highest Hungarian-American populations are...
New York 157,863
New Jersey 115,615
According to the 2010 US Census, there were 1,563,081 persons of Hungarian ancestry in the United States as of 2006, with − according to 2000 census data − 1,398,724 of them indicating Hungarian as their first ancestry. Estimates of the number of Hungarian Americans in the United States exceed 4 million, but also include the large number of ethnic Hungarian immigrants most of whom have emigrated from Romania, Czechoslovakia, or the former Yugoslavia. [Italics mine]
It's very interesting to read about the causes of the three major "waves" of immigration. This follows the pattern of much of the immigration from Europe and Russia to the USA, with the exception of the post-1956 uprising, for obvious reasons.
As 100th anniversary of Trianon Peace Treaty is approaching, the more we speak about the subject around here in Hungary, the more often we think of our nation torn apart. Relatives, acquaintances - 3,5 million ethnic hungarian people - were left outside of their 1000 years old mothercountry and have found themselves as a minority in hostile environments.
Ever since these chopped-off fragments of the nation are treated "not the best" (as potential threats) and are exposed to outrages and discrimination, also given less chance to cherish their culture and language.
*** Probably the most horrible massacre of hungarian history is one example of this bad fate, when 40.000 innocent (and unarmed) hungarian people were killed, many of them were tortured to death by the most inhuman and sadistic methods. This happened in 1944, during the chaotic period of WW2 and took place in Bácska - a territory that were gained by WW1-successor Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
In this update I have added a new kmz folder to the "Vajdasági Magyarok" (Hungarians in Vojvodina) subfolder, which contains placemark set for the settlements that were involved with the tragic events.
Before you start browsing this update (and it's literature), please read publisher's note on the heading of the english edition:
This book contains graphic description of inhuman acts committed by a small but unfortunately significant segment of the Serb nation. It is published for the information of politicians, diplomats, historians, soldiers, reporters and other professionals. Not recommended to the general public. To keep one's sanity it should be read with total professional detachment. Please read POSTSCRIPTUM on page 162 before you start reading the book. It will give you basic knowledge and better understanding of the true nature of the Partisan Warfare.
...At the end of World War I, the southern part of the thousand year old historical Hungary was occupied by Serbian troops. Under the terms of the Paris Peace Treaty in 1921 it was annexed to the Serbo-Croat-Slovenian Kingdom, that later became Yugoslavia. The new name of this territory, situated to the east of present Croatia, was Vojvodina (also spelled Voivodina or Voyvodina). Its former Hungarian name had been Bacska and Banat.
During World War II, in 1941, Germany occupied Yugoslavia. At the same time, Hungary took possession of and re-annexed Vojvodina from divided Yugoslavia. At the end of 1944, the Serbs reoccupied Bacska, which has belonged to Serbia ever since.
During the German occupation, a strong Serbian partisan movement developed with Communist leadership, which also spread over to Bacska, reannexed to Hungary at the time. The Hungarian military leadership organized anti-partisan raids and summary courts-martial against the participants in and sympathizers with the partisan movement. The biggest anti-partisan campaign took place in and around Novi Sad, in Hungarian, Ujvidek, where several hundred individuals suspected to be partisans, among them innocent people as well, were arrested and executed in the course of a three-day raid in January 1942.
Although the army of every country treats partisans the same way, law-abiding Hungarian public opinion condemned the military leadership for the harsh action. Miklos Horthy, regent of Hungary, ordered an investigation against the organizers of the campaign. It is probably a unique incident in world history that a belligerent nation calls its own army to account for transgressions against the enemy. In my novel Cold Days, written in 1960, I related the story of the atrocities committed in Novi Sad in order to clear our consciences by sincerely revealing our own mistakes.
The three "Cold Days" were followed by "freezing weeks" in the whole territory of Vojvodina in 1944, when the Serbians brutally massacred about 40,000* Hungarian civilians, the overwhelming majority of them innocent beyond any doubt, in revenge of the execution of 3,000** suspected Serbian partisans. ...
(other sources mention: *30.000-45.000; **3.300-3.800 where mainly serbs, but also jews and hungarians were executed, regardless to ethnic- or national-, but the more after political identity / the editor)
*** In placemarks' descriptions, where data were available, death toll of the two raids given as: number of cold days' victims from the settlement (1942) / number of freezing days' victims in the settlement (1944)
Also you may find further quotes and links browsing kmz placemarks and subfolders. (Sorry for mixed, hungarian-english content - this will be fixed soon!)